Anchor bolts are utilized to secure the sill plate of the house
framing to the foundation walls. Typically, anchor bolts are embedded in the foundation walls during construction of the foundation walls and are sized and spaced in accordance with municipal codes.
A beam is any structural member of a home; a beam can be wood or metal.
A structure which protrudes from a support (such as a wall) and is supported only on one side.
Certificate Of Occupancy
A certificate of occupancy is issued by the local municipality after a home, or alterations to home, have passed all
municipal codes and are ready for occupancy.
A pre-fabricated structural component constructed of concrete and
cinders that is utilized to construct foundation walls, retaining walls, etc.
Rules and regulations that detail accepted
A collar beam (collar tie) is a structural component that is utilized to tie together
oppossing sets of roof rafters and helps to prevent roof spreading.
A person who constructs all or portions of a
A column is a structural component that is utilized to support a beam; a column can be constructed of steel or
A pre-fabricated structural component constructed of concrete that is utilized to construct
foundation walls, retaining walls, etc.
A space located in a house which does not have sufficient height for a
person to stand erect; a crawl space can be in a basement or in an attic.
Damage occurs due to a sudden condition, such
as a falling tree.
Dead men are members of a railroad tie retaining wall that are installed perpendicular to the face
of the wall to provide strength to the wall.
Maintenance that has not been conducted in a timely manner
that sometimes results in accelerated damage.
Deflection (sagging) occurs to structure when the structure is subject
to imposed loads such as the weight of the structure itself, furnishings, people, etc. It is normal for structure to deflect, there are codes that detail accepted deflection.
Deterioration occurs over a period of time such as long term exposure to water.
A home for sale is designed by a Licensed Professional Engineer (P.E.) or Registered Architect (R.A.). Note that home inspectors who are not P.E.´s or R.A.´s are not
licensed to practice engineering or architecture, these home inspectors may not perform associated design work for uncovered defects.
Footings are the lowest portion of the foundation walls.
Foundation walls support the structure of
a house. Typically, foundations walls are constructed of poured concrete, concrete block, cinder block, field stone, rubble stone, or brick.
The framing of a home is the structural skeleton of the home much the same as bones in a human body.
A general contractor is a person who is retained to oversee the construction of a residential or commercial building and typically retains the services of sub-contractors who specialize in particular
trades, such as electricians, plumbers, HVAC technicians, etc.
A girder is a main supporting member of a house and
typically supports smaller members such as joists.
A header is a beam that is installed over an opening in a structure
such as a door or a window.
A joist is a beam that typically supports a floor.
A knee wall is a wall whose height is short in comparison with the other walls in the structure.
Licensed Professional Engineer
A Licensed Professional Engineer (P.E.) is State licensed to design residential and commercial structures, inspect and
evaluate residential and commercial buildings including structural problems and design structural repairs, etc.
bolt provides a strong connection for certain applications, such as connecting a deck header to the exterior wall of a house.
A latent defect is one which is not readily apparent at the time of inspection but may become apparent at a later date. An example is concealed termite damage in a wall.
A lally column is a concrete filled steel pipe column typically used to support a girder or other beam.
A lintel is a structural member that typically is installed over a window or door opening, typically in a masonry wall.
A load bearing wall, or other similar structure, is a structural component that can not be removed without providing an alternate means
of support. Advice regarding load bearing walls are best directed to a licensed professional engineer (or registered architect) and thus the advantage of retaining the services of a P.E. to conduct your home
inspection rather than a home inspector who is not licensed to practice engineering.
Every home requires a
maintenance program to keep it in good condition.
A material defect is a defect that is apparent and may be
sizable enough to affect a buyer´s decision to purchase a home or may affect the buyer´s bid.
A modular home is
factory constructed and delivered to the home site in modules where it is assembled on foundation walls which have been constructed on the site.
NABIE, the National Academy of Building Inspection Engineers, is a national society of Licensed Professional Engineers who specialize in the inspection of residential and commercial buildings. Unlike
other home inspection societies, NABIE accepts as members only Licensed Professional Engineers whereas a high school diploma is not a necessary requirement for some of the other home inspection societies.
Membership in NABIE is a credential that home buyers are advised to look for. NABIE is an affiliate member society of NSPE.
NSPE, the National Society of Professional Engineers is a 70,000 member national society of Licensed Professional Engineers.
A partition wall is a wall that has no structural function and is installed to divide the living space of a home.
A permit is issued by the local municipality at the start of a construction project.
A post is a wooden structural
component that is typically utilized to support a girder or other beam.
A rafter is a structural member that
supports a roof.
Rehabilitation is undertaken when there is considerable damage or deterioration to a component
of a residential or commercial structure.
Repair is undertaken when there is damage or deterioration to a component of a
residential or commercial structure.
A Registered Architect is State licensed to design residential and
commercial structures, inspect and evaluate residential and commercial buildings including structural problems and design structural repairs, etc.
A retaining wall is a wall that supports the earth on a hill. Retaining walls can be constructed of concrete block, poured concrete, fieldstone, brick, railroad ties, etc.
The ridge is the peak of the roof.
The roof deck
is the structural member upon which the roofing material (shingles or tiles) are installed. The roof deck is typically constructed of plywood, tongue-and-groove boards, or hardboard.
Every home settles to a certain extent after construction; problems occur when the settling is uneven and cracks occur in the foundation
The sheathing on a home is the structural wrapper of a home and is located between the structural skeleton of
the home and the exterior siding and roofing.
A slab-on-grade home has no basement or basement floor slab; the
slab in constructed directly on the ground.
The sill plate is the first component of the framing of a house that
rests on the foundation walls; the sill plate supports the house structure.
Structural integrity is a
measure of the quality of construction and the ability of the structure to function as required.
A stud is typically a
vertical structural component of a wall; in most homes, wall studs are 2”x4”´s but in newer more energy efficient homes, wall studs are 2”x6”´s.
Sub-contractors are trades specialists such as electricians, plumbers, HVAC technicians, etc. that are retained by the general
contractor to install portions of a residential or commercial building.
A sub floor is installed over floor joists to
provide a surface for the installation of finished flooring such as wood, ceramic tiles, carpet, etc. The sub floor can be plywood, tongue-and-groove, hardboard, etc.
A truss is a special structural member that has more strength than a typical beam and is typically used for roof rafters and floor
Underpinning is a method of re-supporting a failed foundation wall.